What is the difference in Steel and Stainless Steel?
What is the difference in Steel and Stainless Steel?

The country's most commonly used materials are steel and stainless. There are some differences in the properties, composition, prices, etc. between the two. This article will focus on the differences between steel & stainless steel.

Both steel and Stainless Steel are metals. They are widely used for commercial and consumer purposes. Steel and stainless steel have different properties in terms of their strength, ductility or hardness. It is also important to note the additions to steel that make it more useful. This article will focus on the differences between steel & stainless steel.

Differences between steel and stainless steel

1. Steel is created by adding iron and carbon to the steel, which hardens it. It can also be called plain carbon or mild steel. This is because it has a higher level of carbon and a lower melting temperature. Stainless steel on the other side has a high chromium percentage that forms an invisible layer on steel's surface to protect it from staining.

2. When stainless steel has been made from steel, it is often enriched with chromium nickel, nitrogen, and molybdenum. Stainless steel is resistant against corrosion. Steel are susceptible to stains, and rusting. Stainless steel doesn't rust easily.

3. Steel strength and stainless steel: Steel is slightly harder than stainless steel due to its lower carbon content. In terms of hardness, stainless steel is less strong than steel.

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4. Magnetic properties: Stainless Steel is generally non-magnetic. The 300 series stainless steel has nickel and chromium. But the 400 series stainless steel only contains chromium. This makes it non-magnetic.

5. Appearance: Stainless steel is shiny and glossy, while carbon steel is dull with a matte finish. The stainless steel's chromium coating makes it look attractive in its natural state, without the need to be painted.

6. Carbon steel is more malleable than stainless steel and has better heat distribution.

7. Steel has a lower thermal conductivity than stainless steel.

8. Carbon steel is tough and strong. Due to its magnetic properties, carbon steel is widely used in electrical appliances and motors. It can also be weld easily as compared with stainless steel. Stainless steel is used for cutlery and watch straps.

9. Weight: Mild steel weighs less than stainless. Due to its hardening characteristics stainless steel is more heavy and occupies less space because it is difficult for workers to handle.

10. Mild steel can be used frequently and has a lower price than stainless steel.

We have learned a lot about steel and stainless, their properties, textures, compositions, etc. from the article.

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